Education in Kenya is fairly expensive and creats a big strain on most families, the majority of which are living below the poverty line of U.S. $1 a day.
The education system in Kenya also faces the challenge of a lack of adequate facilities and teachers. Of the estimated 600,000 students who take the mandatory national grade eight exams, less than half are able to go on to secondary school due to a shortage of facilities and the cost of education.
Since 2003, the Kenyan Government introduced Universal Primary Education. This has added 1.5 million students into the country's primary schools. The education system has eight years of primary school, four years of secondary education and four years of university education.
Agriculture and manufacturing contribute over 1/3 of the Gross Domestic Product. These industries have been adversley affected by the drought, market liberalization and poor infrastructure, leading to a decline in economic growth.